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The Agapanthus is also known as the (South) African lily which refers to the plant's native South Africa. Historically, the plant has spread from the Cape Province to both the Limpopo River at sea level and up to a height of 2,100 meters. The Agapanthus finds its way to Europe in the second half of the seventeenth century thanks to colonial shipping as well as the East Indian Company. In the second half of the seventeenth century, the Agapanthus made its way to Europe.

It first appeared in European literature in 1679. The imported specimens were all evergreen and came from around the cape of good hope; they were mostly donated to botanical gardens with orangeries and greenhouses because no one knew whether they would survive in our temperate climate.

The first name of Agapanthus Lily was found to be Hyacinthus Africanus Tuberosus Flore caeruleo umbellate and also there are numerous names like Crinum africanum (Linnaeus) and Tulbaghia (Heister 1753).

L'Héritier (1789), curator of the "Jardin des Plantes" in Paris gave the South African lily its current name Agapanthus umbellatus. The name Agapanthus africanus was not given official approval until 1824.

Etymology : The etymology of the genus name Agapanthus is as follows: Agapanthus's genus name is a Neo-Latin synecdoche of two Ancient Greek words the αγάπη means to love and the άνθος means the flower. The first Agapanthus has an etymology and an original meaning. According to the report, the word’s original meaning was “I keep safe," rather than "I love." As a consequence, the name Agapanthus comes from the Greek term agapanthus "The flower is healthy with me.

Praecox species name etymology: In comparison, the Latin word praecox means "uncountable." On the other hand, it comes from the Latin word praecoquo It is easy to infer that it has the basic sense of early or premature since it includes prae- (Indo-European root *préh2i, meaning before) and coqu (Indo-European root *pékweti, meaning become ripe).

Common Facts :
• Agapanthus has recently been classified as a member of the Amaryllidaceae family which includes three subfamilies: Allioideae (onion family), Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family), and Agapanthoideae (agapanthus family).
• Even though they are not lily ‘Agapanthus' is also known as the ‘Lily of the Nile' and the ‘African lily.'
• Agapanthus is often potted in a warm area as they highly need sun and do not grow in cold conditions.
• Agapanthus are mostly grown in a bunch so when they flower they look beautiful in gardens. They are mostly preferred to grow near the compound wall or fences.
• Blue and purple are the most common colors for blossoms, but white and pink are also available. Back in the day, the only Agapanthus available had powder blue flowers. This flower can attract butterflies, bees, and other pollinating insects.
• Agapanthus grows from seed or root division and is considered an invasive weed in some countries, including New Zealand.

Description : Agapanthus belongs to the herbaceous perennial genus. They bear different shapes of leaves like basil and curved. During the flowering season, agapanthus can reach a height of 2 meters (6.6 feet) but the main part of the plant the leaves is usually only 60 cm (23.6 inches) tall. They are leathery and are arranged in two opposing rows. The plant has rhizomes that are the underground stem similar to a ginger's root the roots that sprout from the rhizome are white, thick, and fleshy, and the rhizome serves as a storage organ for the plants.

The long apex is about 2 m (6.6 ft) tall; the inflorescence is a pseudo-umbel subtended by two large deciduous bracts. They are funnel-shaped tubular purple-shaded flowers. Some of the colour combinations are not found naturally. Hybrid and cultivated brides are available in different colours. It has a hollow design with an ovary.

Scientific Classification :
• Kingdom: Plantae
• Division: Magnoliophyta
• Sub-division: Monocots
• Class: Liliopsida
• Order: Asparagales
• Family: Amaryllidaceae
• Sub-family: Agapanthuses
• Genus: Agapanthus
• Species type: Agapanthus praecox

There are many varieties in Agapanthus lily with beautiful different colours to plant which are going to give an elegant look to your garden. Some of them are listed below:

• Agapanthus 'Arctic Star’.
• Agapanthus 'Brilliant Blue'.
• Agapanthus 'Golden Drop'.
• Agapanthus 'Hoyland Chelsea Blue'.
• Agapanthus 'Little Dutch White'.
• Agapanthus 'Margaret'.
• Agapanthus 'Midnight Dream'.
• Agapanthus 'Silver Baby'.
• Agapanthus ‘Tornado’.
• Agapanthus ‘Midnight Star’.

Habitat : Agapanthuses are native to Southern Africa. Deciduous varieties are native to colder climates and are generally hardier than evergreen varieties, which may not survive a harsh winter. Rocky sandstone slopes, typically in montane regions, in winter rainfall areas. Table Mountain's upper slopes and the southern mountains.

Cultivation : Spring is the best time to grow Agapanthus lily. Agapanthus thrives in well-drained soil in a sunny location that receives direct sunlight for the majority of the day.

During plantation, Crowns should be spaced 30cm apart and 5cm (2in) below the ground. If the ground is well-drained, established clumps of evergreen Agapanthus can withstand temperatures ranging from -10 degree C to -15 degree C but the number of flowers may be reduced the following summer. Planting in beds against house walls can help to reduce frost damage.

In the case of containers, Agapanthus is well suited to grow in pots, especially evergreen varieties, which can be further moved into a conservatory or greenhouse for the winter. For long-term feeding, use a loam-based compost, such as John Innes Now, with slow-release feed granules added. During the growing season, make sure to feed with.

Care : It is not difficult to care for a lily as long as you provide good soil and plant it in the proper season. During the growing season to ensure success you need to water regularly and have to feed twice once in early spring and again after two months.

Uses : Some of the uses of Agapanthus lily are listed below makes other good reasons to grow Agapanthus lily in your garden:

• Growing Agapanthus lily gives your garden an elegant appearance.
• Agapanthus is regarded as a magical and medicinal plant as well as a plant of fertility and pregnancy.
• They have anti-inflammatory, anti-edema, antitussive properties which help in various diseases.
• Agapanthus sap is suspected of causing hemolytic poisoning in humans, and it also causes severe mouth ulceration.